中国机械工程学会生产工程分会知识服务平台

《先进制造信息参考》第53期


2019/5/13 13:54:14

工业4.0与智能制造

类型:技术报告

标题:Interactive OODA Processes for Operational Joint Human-Machine Intelligence

参考译名:联合人机智能操作的交互式OODA过程

简介:key advantage to strategic thinking with the Observe-Orient-Decide-Act (OODA) framework is that it provides a systematic approach to get inside the decision-making process of another agent, either cooperative or adversarial. Indeed, current OODA concepts have supported understanding human decision processes to support agile and competitive decisions about human warfighters and human-centric operations. However, future military decision making based on human-machine teaming relies on technology and interaction concepts that support joint human-machine intelligence, not just human capabilities. This requires new OODA concepts. Herein, I define a machine OODA loop, considering the characteristics that make it similar to and different from the human OODA loop. I consider how advances in artificial intelligence and cognitive modeling can be integrated within the machine-Orient stage, providing the machine a unique advantage over humans in that the machine can integrate a level of understanding and prediction about human operators together with predictions about machine behaviors and data analytics. Additionally, I propose that effective human-machine teaming should be supported by human-machine joint decision-action processes, conceptualized as interacting OODA loops. Consideration of the interacting human-machine OODA processes offers conceptual guidance for design principles and architectures of systems supporting effective operational human-machine decision making.

来源:Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38576

 

类型:期刊

标题:Green manufacturing dimensions and global trends of consumption

参考译名:绿色制造规模与全球消费趋势

简介:The article addresses the issue of green manufacturing in the context of global trends of consumption for various types of industrial products, respecting the concepts of circular economy. The article focuses on impact of global trends of consumption on green manufacturing dimensions (research and design process, waste control, packaging control, manufacturing control and quality control) of Romanian industry sustainable development. The authors have achieved a “correlation matrix of green manufacturing dimensions and global trends of consumption for production systems”.

来源:【刊名】:MATEC Web of ConferencesEISSN】:2261-236X【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.178【起止页】: 6

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38674

 

类型:咨询报告

标题:The future of manufacturing in Europe

参考译名: 欧洲制造业的未来

简介:The pilot project The Future of Manufacturing in Europe is an explorative and future-oriented study. It explores the future adoption of some key game-changing technologies and how this adoption can be promoted, even regionally. The analysis of implications for working life focuses primarily on tasks and skills, not only at the white-collar, tertiary-education level, but also for blue-collar occupations, including a focus on challenges facing national and company apprenticeship systems. The future orientation also includes quantitative estimates of the employment implications of the Paris Climate Agreement, of large increases in global tariffs and of radical automation. It also measures the return of previously offshored jobs to Europe. Other research examines how the deepening globalisation provides opportunities for small companies to engage in international supply chains. This final report summarises the 10 project reports, which are complemented by 47 case studies, 27 policy instruments and 4 associated publications.

来源:欧盟 2019/04/23

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38676

 

类型:咨询报告

标题:Manufacturing Leadership in a Time of Change

参考译名:变革时期制造业的领导力

简介:In times of change, good leaders can be a company's most vital asset. Today -- facing worker shortages, skills deficits, digital transformations and a volley of supply chain disruptions -- effective leadership skills are more critical in the manufacturing industry than ever before. This collection provides a primer for manufacturing leaders.

来源:IndustryWeek

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38680

 

 

数字化设计与制造

类型:技术报告

标题:Getting the most of machines — The modern approach to assetperformance management

参考译名:获得更多的机器——资产管理的现代方法

简介:Boosting the performance of our machines is the goal of all of our digital-transformation efforts, right?When assets perform better, production rises, costs drop, profits soar and the maintenance guys can takea coffee break. In the modern era of manufacturing there are many tools to be employed in managing assetperformance—predictive analytics, real-time optimization, the digital twin. Managing those many tools isthe trick to ensuring that your modern manufacturing facility performs up to its potential.

来源:Smart Industry

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38681

 

类型:资讯

标题:VocalZoom's Vibration Sensors Enable Machine Monitoring at Lower Cost

参考译名:VocalZoom的振动传感器使机器监测成本更低

简介:VocalZoom has launched its next generation of vibration sensors designed to help predict and prevent mechanical failures. Because they can monitor machine health without touching the equipment, VocalZoom sensors cover a greater array of equipment and use cases than traditional predictive maintenance solutions without high factory downtime and deployment costs, the company says.Many sensors rely on micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) or piezoelectric or acoustic technology that reduce their applicability to various types of machinery. VocalZoom’s non-contact vibration sensors, on the other hand, are intended to be easily deployable on both new and old machinery, whether it be wet, hot, moving, hard-to-reach or too small for other sensors.

来源:Modern Machine Shop

链接:https://www.mmsonline.com/products/vocalzooms-vibration-sensors-enable-machine-monitoring-at-lower-cost

 

类型:期刊

标题:A review of scheduling problem and resolution methods in flexible flow shop

参考译名:柔性流程车间调度问题及解决方法综述

简介:The Flexible flow shop (FFS) is defined as a multi-stage flow shops with multiple parallel machines. FFS scheduling problem is a complex combinatorial problem which has been intensively studied in many real world industries. This review paper gives a comprehensive exploration review on the FFS scheduling problem and guides the reader by considering and understanding different environmental assumptions, system constraints and objective functions for future research works. The published papers are classified into two categories. First is the FFS system characteristics and constraints including the problem differences and limitation defined by different studies. Second, the scheduling performances evaluation are elaborated and categorized into time, job and multi related objectives. In addition, the resolution approaches that have been used to solve FFS scheduling problems are discussed. This paper gives a comprehensive guide for the reader with respect to future research work on the FFS scheduling problem.

来源:【刊名】:International Journal of Industrial Engineering ComputationsISSN】:1923-2926EISSN】:1923-2934【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2019 Vol.10 No.1【起止页】: 67 - 88,22

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38683

 

类型:会议

标题:Adaptive attitude takeover control for noncooperative targets using robust allocation

参考译名:基于鲁棒分配的非合作目标自适应姿态控制

简介:Attitude takeover control is necessary for space debris removal and satellite orbit transfer. Taking control constraints, unknown inertial tensor, uncertain capture position and external disturbances into consideration, an adaptive control torque for the post-capture combination attitude takeover control is designed. The uncertain capture leads to the movement of gripper, which causes the relative position and attitude motion between the gripper and the debris and changes the configuration of thrusters and tether. Based on the robust optimization theory and interior-point method, control torque, as the intermediate control volume, is allocated to thrusters and tether. Simulation results show that the algorithm designed have good robustness and can implement the attitude takeover control of the combination after capturing the target.

来源:《2018 33rd Youth Academic Annual Conference of Chinese Association of Automation: 33rd Youth Academic Annual Conference of Chinese Association of Automation (YAC), 18-20 May 2018, Nanjing, China》年:2018   299304 总页数:会议:Youth Academic Annual Conference of Chinese Association of Automation  举办地:Nanjing 日期:2018-05-18 届次:33rd   语种:英语   ISBN9781538672563

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38577

 

类型:会议

标题:Method of load calculation of electrical drives of rolling mills during heavy plate manufacturing

参考译名:厚板生产过程中轧机电气传动负荷的计算方法

简介:During manufacturing of heavy strips and plates from difficult-to-form steel grades on sheet and wide-strip rolling mills there is a problem of exact calculation of power parameters of rolling. It is pointed out that known methods do not provide required precise information at high deformation zones in a stand. An improved calculation method for rolling pressure and load torque of electrical drive engine is suggested further. This method considers peculiar strain of product in high deformation zones and its accelerated motion in reverse mode. Improved analytical dependences for rolling pressure and load torque of electrical drive are reviewed. Control flow chart and main screen of developed software for calculation of wide-strip rolling parameters are presented. Comparative analysis of calculation data and experimental results of engine equivalent currents during tube steels rolling is made. As a result improved precision of calculation method is justified.

来源:会议录《9th International Conference on Mechatronics and Manufacturing: ICMM 2018 : Phuket, Thailand, 27-29 January 2018》年:2018 会议:International Conference on Mechatronics and Manufacturing  届次:9th语种:英语 ISBN9781510863996

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38677

 

 汽车工程

类型:期刊

标题:A Comprehensive Study of Single and Multiple Truck Crashes Using Violation and Crash Data

参考译名:利用违规和碰撞数据对一辆和多辆卡车进行碰撞性的综合研究

简介:Around 4,000 people died in crashes involving trucks in 2016 alone in the U.S., with 21 percent of these fatalities involving only single-unit trucks. Many studies have identified the underlying factors for truck crashes. However, few studies detected the factors unique to single and multiple crashes, and none have examined these underlying factors in conjunction with violation data. The current research assessed all of these factors using two approaches to improve truck safety. An injury/fatal crash was defined as a crash that results in an injury or fatality. The first approach investigated the contributory factors that increased the odds of injury/fatal single truck and multiple vehicle crashes with involvement of at least one truck. The literature has indicated that previous violations can be used to predict future violations and crashes. Therefore, the second approach used violations related to driver actions that could result in truck crashes. The analysis for the first approach indicated that driving on dry-roadway surfaces, driver distraction, and rollover/jackknife types of truck crashes, speed compliance failure, and higher posted speed limits are some of the factors that increased the odds of injury/fatal single and multiple vehicle crashes. With the second approach, the violations related to risky driver actions, which were underlying causes of truck crashes, were identified and analyses were run to identify the groups at increased risk of truck involved crashes. The results of violations indicated that being nonresident, driving off peak hours, and driving on weekends could increase the risk of truck involved crashes.

来源:【刊名】:The Open Transportation JournalEISSN】:1874-4478【语种】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.12 No.1

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38679

 

类型:资讯

标题:UK auto industry crisis strengthens call for national industrial strategies

参考译名:英国汽车业危机强化了对国家产业战略的需求

简介:Honda’s Swindon, UK plant is a global production hub for the Civic. Built over 30 years ago, and the recipient of £2bn (US$2.61bn) investment, it’s an operation sustained by a daily delivery of 350 truckloads of components from EU suppliers without border friction. The result is a plant capable of making 600 cars every 24 hours, with 70% exported worldwide. Indeed, the Civic is one of the US market’s best-selling cars, and one in five is made in made in Swindon.

来源:AW 2019/05/02

链接:https://www.automotiveworld.com/articles/comment-uk-auto-industry-crisis-strengthens-call-for-national-industrial-strategies/

  

3D打印、增材制造、生物制造

类型:资讯

标题:Consolidating Metal Assemblies with 3D Printing

参考译名:用3D打印技术加固金属组件

简介:Neenah Foundry worked with Hoosier Pattern Inc to convert an 11-piece, laser cut welded swing frame assembly into a single-piece design using an ExOne 3D printer. The new swing frame weighs less than the original and took significantly less time to fabricate.

The swing frame is a utility tractor component made by Amerequip Corporation, a design and engineering company that serves OEM customers; they were concerned about lead times for the swing frame so they sought an alternative solution from Neenah Foundry, who contracted Hoosier Pattern Inc to fabricate the casting core.

来源:3dprinting  May 7, 2019

链接:https://3dprinting.com/3d-printing-use-cases/consolidating-metal-assemblies-with-3d-printing/

 

类型:资讯

标题:Premium AEROTEC, EOS, and Daimler Create Automated 3D Printing Production Plant

参考译名:Premium AEROTECEOSDaimler创建自动化3D打印生产工厂

简介:The NextGenAM project that began in 2017 to demonstrate an automated 3D printing production line has completed the pilot phase. NextGenAM is a joint project between Premium AEROTEC, EOS, and Daimler with the goal of developing a digitalized AM production plant that can cost effectively produce parts for the automotive and aerospace sectors. It’s estimated that their production line will reduce the costs of manufacturing by 50% compared to other 3D printing systems.

As far as the aircraft industry is concerned, Premium AEROTEC is today already an international pioneer in the field of metallic 3D printing. The aim now is to build further on this expertise and to bring it to bear in other sectors as well,” said Dr. Thomas Ehm, Chairman of the Executive Board of Premium AEROTEC. “The successful conclusion of NextGenAM thus represents another important building block in our strategy.”

来源:3dprinting  May 6, 2019

链接:https://3dprinting.com/news/premium-aerotec-eos-and-daimler-create-automated-3d-printing-production-plant/

 

类型:资讯

标题:工信部:去年全球3D打印产值增长33.5%,行业进入真正的产业化阶段

简介:在59日的“中国增材制造产业发展丝路行暨渭南国际增材制造产业合作恳谈会”上,21世纪经济报道从工信部装备工业发展中心主任瞿国春处获悉,去年全球增材制造(3D打印)产业产值已经达到97.95亿美元,同比增长了33.5%。其中,增材制造零部件的产值占比达12%,增材制造应用方式逐步从设计走向了直接制造,这意味着到了真正的产业化阶段。

瞿国春表示,未来将推动3D打印在工业医疗教育等领域的规模化应用。从提升创新能力、推进行业应用、打造产业集聚区、深化国际合作上下功夫,突破专业材料、工艺装备等核心技术方面的瓶颈。

来源:21世纪经济报道  20190510

链接:http://www.21jingji.com/2019/5-10/0OMDEzODFfMTQ4NTA0OA.html

 

类型:资讯

标题:ORNL, Lincoln Electric advance collaboration on large-scale metal additive manufacturing technology

参考译名:ORNLLincoln Electric在大规模金属增材制造技术方面进行合作

简介:Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Lincoln Electric announced their continued collaboration on large-scale, robotic additive manufacturing technology at the Department of Energy’s Advanced Manufacturing InnovationXLab Summit. The new agreement builds upon ORNL and Lincoln Electric’s previous developments by extending additive technology to new materials, leveraging data analytics and enabling rapid manufacture of metal components in excess of 100 pounds per hour.

来源:Greencarcongress09 May 2019

链接:https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/05/20190509-ornl.html

 

类型:期刊

标题:4D printing reconfigurable, deployable and mechanically tunable metamaterials

参考译名:4D打印可重构,可部署和机械可调的超材料

简介:The exotic properties of mechanical metamaterials emerge from the topology of micro-structural elements. Once manufactured, however, the metamaterials have fixed properties without the ability to adapt and adjust. Here, we present geometrically reconfigurable, functionally deployable, and mechanically tunable lightweight metamaterials created through four-dimensional (4D) printing. Using digital micro 3D printing with a shape memory polymer, dramatic and reversible changes in the stiffness, geometry, and functions of the metamaterials are achieved.

来源:25 Apr 2019Materials Horizons.

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38682

 

综合情报

类型:资讯

标题:Energy businesses not yet geared for cybersecurity – Inmarsat Enterprise

参考译名:能源企业尚未做好准备应对网络安全

简介:energy businesses are exposing themselves to security risks by failing to address weaknesses in their cybersecurity defenses, says Inmarsat Enterprise.

Businesses in the energy sector recognise that their approaches to cybersecurity must be strengthened, but are not yet taking the practical steps to safeguard their industrial Internet of Things (IoT) deployments,” notes Inmarsat

The communication services company undertook a study that surveyed 125 businesses across the energy industry, which revealed that 74% of respondents admitted that their processes to combat cybersecurity threats were lacking, while 73% of them reported that more could be done to protect against data mishandling.

来源:engineeringnews  26 APRIL 2019

链接:https://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/energy-businesses-not-yet-geared-for-cybersecurity-inmarsat-enterprise-2019-04-26

 

类型:资讯

标题:Bosch to become carbon neutral by 2020

参考译名:博世将在2020年实现碳中和

简介:German multinational manufacturer Bosch has committed to becoming carbon neutral by 2020.

Calling the initiative “unprecedented in scope and timeframe,” Bosch says they will achieve the “earliest carbon neutrality of any global industrial enterprise.” Detailing the short and long term elements of the plan, Bosch says that, regarding the former, they will be buying more green electricity and utilising carbon offsets. In the longer term, up to 2030, “the company will gradually increase the share of renewable energy in the power that it generates and buys, and will invest a billion euros to boost its locations’ energy efficiency.”

来源:全球制造业网 2019/05/10

链接:https://www.manufacturingglobal.com/leadership/bosch-become-carbon-neutral-2020

 

宇航空间结构、特种机器人

类型:资讯

标题:Blue Origin unveils lunar lander

参考译名:Blue Origin公司推出月球着陆器

简介:WASHINGTON — Blue Origin revealed new details about a lunar lander concept that the company’s founder says can support a human return to the moon by 2024.

At an invitation-only event here May 9, company founder Jeff Bezos unveiled a full-sized model of the Blue Moon lander the company has been developing, along with an engine named BE-7 that will power the spacecraft. That unveiling, with the theatrical flourish of a curtain raising to reveal the lander, took place about a half-hour into an hour-long event about the company’s plans and vision.

The spacecraft is able to land 3.6 metric tons of cargo on the lunar surface, with a “stretch tank” version capable of landing 6.5 metric tons on the surface. The lander has a deck on the top for hosting payloads and a davit, or crane, to lower them to the lunar surface.

The lander uses liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants, rather than storable hypergolics. “It’s very high performance,” he said of the choice of propellants. “Ultimately, we’re going to be able to get hydrogen from that water on the moon, and be able to refuel these vehicles on the surface of the moon.”

来源:May 9, 2019  spacenews

链接:https://spacenews.com/blue-origin-unveils-lunar-lander/

 

类型:期刊

标题:Nonlinear Disturbance Observer-Based Adaptive Sliding Mode Control for a Generic Hypersonic Vehicle

参考译名:基于非线性扰动观测器的通用高超声速飞行器自适应滑模控制

简介:In this paper, a new adaptive sliding mode control method is presented for the longitudinal model of a generic hypersonic vehicle subject to uncertainties and external disturbance. Firstly, an oriented-control model with mismatched uncertainties is built for a generic hypersonic vehicle. Secondly, the back-stepping technique is introduced to design a sliding mode controller with an adaptive law to adapt to the disturbance and uncertainty. Thirdly, a set of nonlinear disturbance observers are designed to estimate the lumped disturbance and compensate the sliding mode controller, and the stability of the proposed controller is analyzed by utilizing Lyapunov stability theory. Finally, simulation results show that the effectiveness of the proposed controller is validated by the nonlinear model and the proposed method exhibits promising robustness to mismatched uncertainties.

来源:https://www.hindawi.com

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=20985

 

动力系统、燃气轮机

类型:期刊

标题:Fully-integrated high-speed IM for improving high-power marine engines

参考译名:用于改进大功率船用发动机的全集成高速感应电机

简介:In this study, electrical machine technologies are compared comprehensively for a hybrid turbocharger used with a high-power marine engine. It is required for the machine to operate in a thermally aggressive environment, with turbine exhaust temperatures in excess of 600 degrees C. Furthermore, it is required to both generate from the extra exhaust energy (turbo-compounding) at high-engine loads as well as a motor for low-engine loads during slow steaming. The application investigated translates to a machine featuring both high-power (150kW) and high speeds (25-50krpm), together with a considerable constant power-speed region. In this study, induction machines (IM), permanent magnet machines and switched reluctance machines are compared taking into account a number of aspects including the thermal performance, torque ripple, converter volt-ampere rating, and cost. In light of the technical and market requirements, the IM featuring new materials is prototyped and tested for the application in a representative environment.

来源《IET electric power applications》年:2019,13(2) 148153 语种:英语 分类号:TM ISSN1751-8660

链接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=38678